Do you ever wonder why biopics or films based on real-life people are so popular? Movies like Bhaag Milka Bhaag, Neerja and Mary Kom did so well at the box office because each had an inspiring message. Besides movies, books, TedTalk videos and even interviews of successful people can be inspiring. They motivate people to think, behave and act in a certain way.

Motivation lies at the heart of success. Businesses often look for ways to enhance employee engagement and morale by motivating workers. Let’s see what the different types of motivation in management are.

Why Do We Need Motivation In Management?

The word ‘motivation’ has its roots in the Latin word ‘movere’, which means ‘to move’. It refers to the process of stimulating or inspiring someone to act upon something. Motivation lies at the heart of management. Different types of motivation in organizational behavior drive workplace success.

Practicing different methods of motivation in professional settings has the following benefits:

  • Motivated employees increase workplace productivity and efficiency

  • Motivated individuals are proactive and more likely to change their negative or indifferent attitudes

  • People who are motivated focus on growth and avoid conflicts

  • Motivated employees are better at accepting and growing with positive change

  • Different methods of motivation help boost morale, reducing absenteeism and turnover rates

A well-motivated workforce is committed to meeting the organization’s objectives. If you want to keep your team engaged, you need to use different types of motivation in management.

What Are The Types Of Motivation In The Workplace?

There are four types of motivation in management that will help you build effective teams. Each type serves a different purpose. They are:

  1. Competence Motivation

It refers to someone’s need to feel competent or capable. They’re motivated to seek new opportunities that will help them learn and develop new skills and knowledge. For example, someone in your team doesn’t know how to operate a particular software. You can invest in their training and knowledge-building through upskilling courses.

  1. Achievement Motivation

Achievement motivation refers to the process of rewarding people for meeting their targets or goals. Many people feel motivated only when they earn recognition as it gives them the satisfaction of achieving something. Achievement motivation is instrumental in making employees more goal-oriented. Here are some tips for acknowledging your team’s efforts:

  • An ‘employee of the month’ recognition system

  • Celebrating their success over a team meeting or dinner

  • Circulating a thoughtful email that highlights their efforts

  1. Incentive Motivation

As the name suggests, incentive motivation uses positive reinforcement to encourage someone. Every employee is expected to work towards a certain objective to receive a particular reward. One of the most powerful methods of motivation, it often prompts people to exceed expectations. Here are a few examples of monetary and non-monetary incentives commonly used in workplaces:

  • Weekly bonuses to those who worked for longer hours

  • Allowing your team to clock out early if they meet their targets on time

  • Increasing someone’s compensation to reward them for their performance

  1. Affiliation Motivation

The desire to belong to a group or a circle in an organization refers to affiliation motivation. People often perform better when they build strong interpersonal connections. Positive workplace culture is a powerful motivator. When there are positive interaction and mutual support, employees thrive. You can identify which employees will benefit from this type of motivation by looking at these factors:

  • Whether they’re good at interpersonal communication

  • Whether they can cooperate and collaborate effectively with others

  • Whether they can navigate conflicts in an emotionally mature manner

Putting The Methods Of Motivation To Use

If you’re wondering how to motivate employees and inspire them to learn and grow with you, here are some ways to make it work:

  • Trust your team to do their job and avoid micromanaging. Remember, as humans, we value and cherish our autonomy.

  • Focus on creating a positive and healthy work environment. A large part of workplace stress and frustration often comes from the environment. Make it a point to have some at work—share a laugh or go for team coffee breaks.

  • Solicit ideas and suggestions from your team through in-person feedback sessions or surveys. Not everybody may feel confident about voicing their opinions and all they need is a nudge in the right direction.

Harappa Education’s Managing Teamwork course is designed to help you foster team culture and work towards building effective teams. You’ll learn everything, from navigating different working styles to things that motivate and push individuals. The Skill-Will Matrix in particular will help you determine your team’s skills and willingness to perform tasks. Be the leader who not only empowers their team but also helps them find meaning in their work.


Explore topics such as Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory, What are the Functions of Management, The Importance of Employee EngagementMcClelland’s Theory of Needs & The Reinforcement Theory of Motivation from Harappa Diaries and drive productivity at your workplace.

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