Recruitment is the first step of developing and maintaining an efficient and effective team in any organization. A good recruitment strategy and process are instrumental in ensuring that resources are properly utilized and the best candidates are hired on time.

The recruitment process is unique to every organization as there are different hiring needs. This also gives rise to different types of recruitment processes. Read on to explore various kinds of recruitment methods and how they’re essential in shortlisting candidates.

Meaning And Types Of Recruitment Processes

Recruitment is the process of identifying, attracting, interviewing, selecting, hiring and onboarding employees in an organization. The aim is to find the most suitable candidate for a job role. Recruiting the best people not only boosts workforce productivity but also attains business objectives with greater efficiency.

Various types of recruitment processes help address an organization’s needs and expectations. Such processes also address several key aspects such as:

  1. The need for hiring, screening and onboarding candidates

  2. The need for human resources (HR) management

  3. The need to expand skill sets and knowledge

Once the organization recognizes the needs and proper alignment of skill sets to overall goals, it’s easier to prioritize growth and profitability.

Different Types Of Recruitment

There are two key types of recruitment—internal and external—that often inform an organization’s hiring process. Let’s look at what each type of recruitment stands for and the various sub-types.

  • Types Of Internal Recruitment

Internal recruitment is a type of recruitment where an organization hires individuals for new roles internally. Whenever a new position opens up, organizations reach out to existing employees. This is greatly beneficial as the organizations don’t have to hire from scratch and are already aware of potential candidates with existing skill sets. There are various types of internal recruitment:

  1. Transfers

When an employee needs to shift within the organization for the same role, it’s known as a transfer. This type of recruitment method is often used for employees to operate in different geographical locations where more people are needed on board.

  1. Promotions

It refers to upgrading an employee’s job title or job role . It helps organizations hire people for higher positions, that is, the more advanced managerial positions. Additionally, there is a pay hike, more responsibility and leadership opportunities.

  1. Re-Employment

In this type of recruitment, an organization decides to reach out and hire previous employees. This process is time-efficient and cost-effective as organizations already have the experience of having the individual on board.

  • Types Of External Recruitment

Another important type of recruitment, external recruitment refers to the process of hiring people outside an organization. When a position falls vacant, the organization invites people to apply for it. Essentially, a new candidate is interviewed, screened and selected. There are various types of external recruitment:

  1. Advertisements

Here, organizations directly promote new and open positions through various media. Some organizations continue to use newspaper ads while others post in on their website or social media platforms. Potential candidates apply directly.

  1. Job Portals

In this type of recruitment, organizations advertise vacant positions through third-party portals or platforms. While some portals mediate the interview process, others allow organizations to contact the candidates directly.

  1. Educational Institutes

One of the biggest sources of external recruitment, academic institutions are instrumental in driving the recruitment efforts of an organization. Also known as campus recruitment, this type of recruitment method helps organizations visit institutions or campuses and hire recent graduates.

For A Successful Campus Recruitment

Campus recruitment is one of the biggest sources of recruitment in a majority of organizations. Whether it’s internships or hiring recent graduates for open positions, corporations often reach out to educational institutions for sourcing the most suitable candidates. This type of recruitment benefits institutions immensely as students have readily available opportunities at their doorstep. If your institution wants to make the most of this recruitment method, Harappa’s Placement Success Program will help you achieve the desired outcomes. Help your students prepare for one of the most important phases of their professional life through Harappa’s distinctive learning journey. The program pivots on seven crucial learning outcomes that’ll help students become placement-ready and ace interviews with ease. Schedule a demo today!


Explore Harappa Diaries to learn more about topics such as Steps Of Performance Appraisal, Goal Setting For Employees, Modern Methods Of a Performance Appraisal and Traditional Methods Of Performance Appraisal that will help organizations tap into employee potential.

Related articles

Discover more from Harappa with a selection of trending blogs on the latest topics in online learning and career transformation